You’re Just Too Sweet…………
There are two types of Diabetes (a metabolic disorder):
-Type 1 Diabetes Insipidus or Juvenile Diabetes: This is caused by destruction of the Beta cells in the Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. These cells produce the hormone insulin, which lowers blood glucose levels by allowing the cells to utilise the glucose. No beta cells, no insulin.
– Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (most common) or Insulin Dependent Diabetes: This occurs when the blood glucose level is high and the body cannot produce sufficient insulin to allow the body cells to utilise the glucose so it remains in the blood. Extremely high blood glucose levels can result in a coma.
– The pancreas releases the hormone insulin when the blood glucose levels are high or after a meal. Insulin converts glucose to glycogen, which is stored in the liver and muscles.
– High glucose levels–>insulin–>glucose–>glycogen
– When blood glucose levels are low the liver releases the hormone glucagon which converts glycogen to glucose.
– Low blood glucose levels–>glucagon–>glycogen–>glucose
– This process maintains the homeostasis of our blood glucose levels.